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Barcelona, 03.12.2019

As we are approaching the 25th Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) taking place in Madrid from the 2nd to the 13th of December 2019, eco-union would like to reiterate the urgent need for countries, businesses and citizens to commit to a global decrease of GHG emissions in order to meet the Paris Agreement to stay under 1.5ºC temperature increase.

In the past years, eco-union has developed several climate-related projects to contribute to a low-carbon economy and society in Spain, Europe and the Mediterranean. Our flagships initiatives have covered strategic economic sectors such as Blue Tourism, assessing policy responses to reduce ecological impacts of coastal and maritime tourism at regional and local levels. We are also promoting the self-production of renewable energy by citizens, cities and governments through the EU-funded PROSEU project to mainstream a democratic and inclusive clean energy transition in Europe. We have been delivering several key reports on Sustainable and Climate Finance, reviewing and recommending policies and strategies to increase the financing of the low-carbon green and blue economy in the Mediterranean region; and phase out the support to carbon intensive activities.

From these and other projects, we understand the urgent need for action of all stakeholders in all sectors to minimise the consequences of the climate crisis and stay within the target of the Paris Agreement. We therefore urge the parties to COP 25 to commit to the required GHG emission cuts through more ambitious Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) scheduled for COP 26 in 2020. For this to happen, developed countries must boost their climate-related development finance supporting developing countries, paving the way to a necessary, urgent, ambitious and fair global “Green New Deal(s)”. Escalating climate finance is crucial as NDCs of developing countries, such as in the South Mediterranean region, are conditional to international financial support.

Furthermore, we urge the parties to COP 25 to commit support to the renewable energy transition, from the centralised utility energy model to the decentralised prosumer model. Although renewable energy is crucial for achieving the Paris Agreement targets, the UNFCCC regime does not establish targets on renewable energy production. Based on the findings from PROSEU project, we believe that that self-production of renewable energy by citizens, cities and businesses has a pivotal role in achieving a zero-emission energy system by 2050. For this to happen, parties should, among other actions, undertake to amend international trade agreements that support investments in the fossil fuel sector. Hence, it is paramount that parties end their fossil fuel subsidies, as GHG reduction commitments along with the continuation of the carbon-intensive activities will not lead to the clean energy transition. COP 25 should also address to tackle the dismissed GHG emissions from the transport sector, in particular due to shipping and airlines, in exponential growth, and not covered by the Paris Agreement.


eco-union COP 25 side-event in the Green Zone, 07/12/19

Prosumers for the energy transition: Self-consumption of renewable energy by citizens, cities and businesses in Spain and Europe

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