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Multilateral Development Banks and G20 Nations Must Stop Funding Fossils To the leaders of the multilateral development banks and G20 nations,

As more than 200 civil society organizations from over 55 countries, we urge all multilateral development banks and G20 nations to commit to phase out subsidies and public finance for fossil fuels as soon as possible, with a total phaseout by no later than 2020. This ongoing government support for fossil fuels undermines global climate mitigation and adaptation efforts.

As leaders gather in Paris, France for the One Planet Summit, climate impacts around the globe are mounting in severity each year, and the poorest and most vulnerable continue to be hit first and hardest. The Paris Climate Agreement’s objective to “align finance flows with low-emission, climate-resilient development and to shift public finance away from high-emitting infrastructure” is more urgent than ever before.

But instead of funding the solution, G20 governments and multilateral development banks still overwhelmingly fund the problem. For the most recent three years where data is available, G 20 public fossil fuel finance averaged $71.8 billion annually – nearly 90 times the rate of global assistance for small island developing states for resilience to climate change and disasters at only $800 million annually. And the multilateral development banks financed projects with fossil fuel exploration components at $1.8 billion annually – three times the rate of all global climate-related development finance to small island developing states, at $550 million annually.

Given their importance to the world’s energy trajectory both in their financing of energy projects and their crucial signalling role for the broader investment community, w e urge multilateral development banks to:

●  Set a clear timeline for the phase out of public finance for oil, gas, and coal production, starting with the elimination of all finance for fossil fuel exploration and coal, except in extreme cases where there is clearly no other viable option for increasing energy access to the poor. Fossil fuel finance should be phased out no later than 2020.

●  Commit to transparency and accountability by tracking and publishing greenhouse gas emissions of all investments, making these figures publicly available on an annual basis, and establishing a clear timeline to achieve a science-based reduction of portfolio-wide emissions.

Likewise – given their annual commitment since 2009 to “phase out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies, we urge G20 leaders to make good on this promise at their 2018 summit in Argentina, and to:

●  Set a clear timeline for the full and equitable phaseout by all G20 members of all fossil fuel subsidies by 2020, starting with the elimination of subsidies for fossil fuel exploration and coal.

●  Set a clear timeline for the full and equitable phaseout by all G20 members of domestic and international public finance for oil, gas, and coal production by 2020, except in extreme cases where there is clearly no other viable option for increasing energy access to the poor. Fossil fuel finance should be phased out no later than 2020.

●  Commit to be fully transparent about all fossil fuel subsidies in a consistent format made publicly available on an annual basis, to increase transparency of reporting on investment in fossil fuel production by publicly-owned financial institutions, and to complete fossil fuel subsidy peer reviews by the end of 2018.

Recent assessments have found that: a) G20 nations are providing billions in public finance to fossil fuel production, at more than 4 times the rate they are supporting renewable energy;[1] b) multilateral development banks funded more than $5 billion in oil, gas, and coal production in 2016, after the Paris Climate Agreement was reached in December 2015;[2] and c) G20 governments spend more than $444 billion each year on support to fossil fuel production alone.[3] All of this public support to fossil fuels comes as we must rapidly shift investment towards clean energy, and despite clear evidence that we need to keep at least 80% of existing fossil fuel reserves in the ground if we hope to avoid the worst impacts of climate change.

We urge multilateral development banks and G20 leaders to take the decisive steps toward ending public support for fossil fuels outlined above. Governments of the richest countries in the world, and their key institutions must establish an ambitious 2020 deadline for the phase out of subsidies and public finance for fossil fuels, in order to drive sustained and scaled-up climate action.


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[208 organisations from 58 countries and several regions, presented alphabetically]

Abibiman Foundation – Ghana
Act Alliance EU – Belgium
Adivasi Mulvasi Astitva Raksha manch – India
African Climate Reality Project – South Africa
Africa Youth Coalition Against Hunger Sierra Leone – Sierra Leone

AKSI for Gender, Social and Ecological Justice – Indonesia
All Nepal Peasant’s Federation – Nepal
All Nepal Women’s Association – Nepal
Alliance Sud – Alliance of Swiss Development Organisations – Switzerland Alofa Tuvalu – Tuvalu & France

Alternative Information Development Centre – South Africa Amazon Watch – United States
Les Amis de la Terre – Friends of the Earth France – France Amsterdam Fossielvrij – The Netherlands

Aotearoa Youth Leadership Institute – New Zealand

Appropriate Technology for Living Association – New Zealand Arab Youth Climate Movement Lebanon – Lebanon
Asian Peoples Movement on Debt and Development – Asia Asian Regional Exchange for New Alternatives – South Korea Bangladesh Jatiyo Sramik Jote – Bnagladesh

Bangladesh Krishok Federation – Bangladesh Bank Information Center Europe – The Netherlands BankTrack – The Netherlands
Both ENDS – The Netherlands
Bretton Woods Project – United Kingdom

Bulig Visayas – Philippines
Campaign for Climate Justice Nepal – Nepal
Carbon Action Aotearoa – New Zealand
CARE International – Climate Change and Resilience Platform CDL Bangladesh – Bangladesh

CEMBI-USB – Venezuela
Centar za Ekologiju i Energiju – Bosnia and Herzegovina Center for Biological Diversity – United States
Center for Environmental Justice – Sri Lanka
Center for International Environmental Law – United States

Centre for Human Rights and Climate Change Research – Nigeria CHANGE – Vietnam

Change Partnership – International Christian Aid – United Kingdom CIDSE – International

Clean Air Action Group – Hungary
Climate Action Hobart – Australia
Climate Action Network Europe – Europe
Climate Action Network International – International Climate Alliance Switzerland – Switzerland

Climate and Development Advice – Germany Climate and Development Lab – United States Climate Emergency Institute – Canada
The Climate Justice Project – United States CliMates – France

CNCD-11.11.11 – Belgium
Collectif Causse Méjean – Gaz de Schiste NON ! – France
Columbus Community Bill of Rights – United States
CONAJEC – Coordination Nationale des Jeunes pour l’Environnement et le Climat – Burkina Faso
Concerned Citizens against Climate Change – The Netherlands

Coordination Office of the Austrian Bishop’s Conference for International Development and Mission – Austria
Counter Balance – Czech Republic
Debt Watch – Indonesia

Derecho Ambiente y Recursos Naturales – Peru DIB – Denmark

Les Dindons de la Farce – France
Earth Action, Inc. – United States
East Africa Climate Change Network – Kenya Ecoaction – Ukraine
EcoEquity – United States

Economic Justice Network Sierra Leone – Sierra Leone eco-union – Spain
EKOenergy – Finland
Engajamundo – Brazil

Environics – India

Environmental Defence Canada – Canada Environmental Justice Foundation – United Kingdom Epikaizo Care Initiative – Tanzania
EquityBD – Bangladesh

European Environment and Health Youth Coalition – Hungary

Focus Association for Sustainable Development – Slovenia Food & Water Europe – Europe
Food & Water Watch – United States
Fossielvrij NL – The Netherlands – Switzerland

Fossil Free Göttingen – Germany
Fossil Free South Africa – South Africa
Fossil Free Uppsala – Sweden
Frederick Mulder Foundation – United Kingdom Freedom from Debt Coalition – Philippines

FreshWater Accountability Project – United States
Friends of the Earth England, Wales and Northern Ireland – United Kingdom Friends of the Earth U.S. – United States
Fundacion Madariaga – Argentina
Fundacja Instytut Rozwoju Innowacyjnej Energetyki – Poland

Fundacja Rozwoj TAK – Odkrywki NIE – Poland GARJAN-Nepal – Nepal
GEFONT Trade Union Federation – Nepal Germanwatch – Germany

Gitib – Philippines

Global Catholic Climate Movement – International Global Muslim Climate Network – International Global South Initiative – Nepal
Global Witness – International


Grupo de Financiamiento Climático para Latinoamérica y el Caribe (GFLAC) – Mexico Health and Environment Alliance – Belgium
Himalaya Niti Abhiyan – India
Honor the Earth – United States

Human Rights Alliance Nepal – Nepal

Human Rights Foundation Aotearoa New Zealand – New Zealand iMatter – United States
Indian Social Action Forum – India
InspirAction USA – United States

Institute for Policy Studies – Climate Justice Program – United States

Jagaran Nepal – Nepal
Japan Center for a Sustainable Environment and Society – Japan

JATAM – Indonesia
Kazdagi Association for the Preservation of Natural and Cultural Resources – Turkey Kerala Independent Fishworkers Federation – India

Khazer Ecological NGO – Armenia
Kiko Network – Japan
Koalicja Klimatyczna – Poland
KRuHA – People’s Coalition for the Right to Water – Indonesia Labour, Health, and Human Rights Development Centre – Nigeria

LDC Watch – International
Legambiente – Italy
Leave it in the Ground Initiative – International Living Legacies – New Zealand
Madden Sainsbury Foundation – Australia

Market Forces – Australia
Maryknoll Office for Global Concerns – International McCulloch Consulting Limited – United Kingdom Mediterranean Youth Climate Network – Morocco Meridem – Italy

Migrant Forum in Asia – Philippines
Milieudefensie – The Netherlands
Mom Loves Taiwan Association – Taiwan
Monitoring Sustainability of Globalization – Malaysia
Mouvement Ecologique – Friends of the Earth Luxembourg – Luxembourg

Nadi Gati Morcha – India
National Federation of Hawkers Bangladesh – Bangladesh National Federation of Women Hawkers – India
National Hawkers Federation – India
Natural Resources Defense Council – International

Naturaleza Unipessoal lda – Portugal
NGO Ecoclub – Ukraine
North Country Veterans for Peace – United States Oil Change International – International
Oil Money Out – United States

Our Climate Declaration – New Zealand
Our Rivers Our Life – Philippines
Overseas Development Institute – United Kingdom Pacific Islands Climate Action Network – Fiji Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum – Pakistan

Pakistan Rabita Committee – Pakistan
Philippine Movement for Climate Justice – Philippines
Plateforme de la Société Civile sur le Changement Climatique – Haiti Polski Klub Ekologiczny Okręg Mazowiecki – Poland
Power Shift Network – United States

Preservar Aljezur – Portugal
Quercus – Associação Nacional de Conservação da Natureza – Portugal Reacción Climática – Bolivia
REFEDD – French Student Network for Sustainability – France
REK Rowlands & Partners – United Kingdom

The Renewables – New Zealand
Reseau Action Climat – Climate Action Network France – France River Basin Friends – India
Rootskeeper – United States
Rural Reconstruction Nepal – Nepal

Sanlakas – Philippines
Sawit Watch – Indonesia
SEAFish for Justice – Indonesia
Sierra Club – United States
Sierra Leone School Green Club – Sierra Leone

Sisters of Mercy of the Americas’ Institute Justice Team – United States Stop Petróleo Vila do Bispo – Portugal
Solidaritas Perempuan – Indonesia
SUPRO – Bangladesh

South Asian Alliance for Poverty Eradication – Nepal

Southern Oregon Climate Action Now – United States SustainUS – United States
Swiss Youth for Climate – Switzerland
Taiwan Environmental Protection Union – Taiwan TENMYA 21 – Tunisia

Toxics Information Project – United States
Trade Union Policy Institute – Nepal
Turtle Island Restoration Network – United States
Unitarian Universalist Congregation of Binghamton Green Sanctuary – United States United Native Americans – United States

Unnayan Onneshan – Bangladesh
Urgewald – Germany
Voice – Bangladesh
Wodonga Albury Towards Climate Health – Australia

Woman, Development, Future Public Union – Azerbaijan

Women Engage for a Common Future – Germany WoMin African Alliance – Africa
WWF – International
Xun Biosphere Project – United States

Youth for Environment, Education and Development Foundation – Nepal

Youth Movement for African Unity – Ghana
Youth for Ocean! – France
ZERO – Associação Sistema Terrestre Sustentável – Portugal Zonnetour Beheer Bv – The Netherlands
Zukunft statt Kohle – Future instead of Coal – Switzerland

11.11.11 – Belgium
350 Africa – Africa
350 Ankara – Turkey
350 DC – United States
350 Montgomery County – United States

350 New Orleans – United States 350 New Zealand – New Zealand – International